Thinking Dissertation

Pondering

PONDERING

A PROJECT REPORT

Submitted simply by

SHUBHANGI JAGDEV

11 DISCIPLINES

PSYCHOLOGY

THE INDIAN SECONDARY SCHOOL

JANUARY

2012

THE AMERICAN INDIAN HIGH SCHOOL, DUBAI

BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE

Certified that this task report " ………. THINKING…………….. ” may be the bonafide work of " ………….. SHUBHANGI JAGDEV. …………” who completed the project work below my oversight.

PERSONAL UNSECURED

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents

1 . INTRODUCTION5

installment payments on your NATURE OF THINKING5

several. BUILDING BLOCKS OF THOUGHT6

some. TRAINING AND LEARNING STYLES8

5. CONCEPTS9

6. OBSATCLES TO TROUBLE SOLVING10

six. 1MENTAL SET10

6. 2LACK OF MOTIVATION11

7. REASONING12

7. 1DEDUCTIVE REASONING12

six. 1 . 1DEDUCTIVE LOGIC: QUALITY AND SOUNDNESS13

7. 1 ) 2HUME'S SKEPTICISM14

7. 1 . 3DEDUCTIVE REASONING AND EDUCATION14

7. 2INDUCTIVE REASONING15

7. 2 . 1DESCRIPTION15

7. 2 . 2INDUCTIVE VS DEDUCTIVE REASONING15

7. 2 . 3DECISION MAKING16

7. installment payments on your 3. 1EVERYDAY TECHNIQUES16

six. 2 . a few. 2DECISION MAKING STAGES17

7. 2 . a few. 3DECISION PRODUCING STEPS18

eight. CREATIVE THINKING19

8. 1CONVERGENT THINKING19

almost eight. 2DIVERGENT THINKING20

8. 2 . 1Convergent vs . divergent Personality20

8. 3LATERAL THINKING22

almost eight. 3. 1METHODS23

8. a few. 2LATERAL THINKING AND DIFFICULTY SOLVING24

8. 3. 3EDUCATION25

8. 4PROCESS OF CREATIVE THINKING25

8. 4. 1BARRIERS TO IMAGINATIVE THINKING26

eight. 4. 2STRATEGIES FOR IMAGINATIVE THINKING27

being unfaithful. THOUGHT AND LANGUAGE29

9. 1Social Language Use (Pragmatics)29

9. 2Bilingualism and multilingualism30

9. 3. 1MULTILINGUAL INDIVIDUALS31

9. a few. 2LEARNING LANGUAGE32

1 . INTRODUCTION

Thinking permits beings to generate sense of orВ modelВ the globe in different techniques, and to signify or understand it in manners that are significant to all of them, or which usually accord using their needs, parts, В objectives, В plans, commitments, ends andВ desires. This can be a mental procedure which allows beings to model the world, and thus to deal with it effectively in accordance to their desired goals, plans, ends, and wants. Thinking is known as a higher intellectual function and the analysis of thinking procedures is part of cognitive mindset.

Figure one particular: This figure represents the thinking of a male and a puppy. Passing through finding out how to retention after which to ‘'thinking'' is a rational sequence. A logical sequence certainly, because of what we think of, should be learned and retained. We believe it with symbols, which in turn represent past experience – may be in the form of words, gestures or images. All these would be the tools of the thought operations. Man has been characterized as the doer, i. electronic. he really does something. Guy senses the objects of the world around him, organizes and interprets the sensory suggestions in a meaningful whole (perceives), learns to manipulate and grows abilities as a solution effectively and correctly towards the environment (learns), stories and retains the learned capabilities or attained experiences to ensure that he may utilize them in future whenever required. Nevertheless over and above, gentleman also considers and causes. Owing to this ability, man is dramatically differentiated in the other decrease animals in the hierarchy. Gentleman is mainly characterized not merely as ‘'doer'' but likewise as ‘'thinker''. Aristotle describes man being a ‘'rational being''. 2 . CHARACTERISTICS OF PONDERING

Thinking is a most important and complex technique of cognition. Actually thinking in some manner or the different is the main determinant of all our behaviours. It is a behavioural process much like perception, learning, and knowing how. It is not simply much like other operations (named above) but as well closely related. It's similarity to learning and other processes lies in the very fact that a innovative person attempts to solve problems to which he confronts with and finds that the normal patterns of behaviours tend not to work well in solving the challenge effectively as a result of certain kinds of changes in the scenario. He then becomes overtly sedentary, quiet, and calm and begins...

References: * http://books.google.ae/books?id=6B7g-OOeB3gC&pg=PA351&lpg=PA351&dq=nature+of+thinking+IN+PSYCHOLOGY&source=bl&ots=_GTrZzyQmo&sig=R0N1Has5cy3gBFeoKQjNY7vi4p0&hl=en#v=onepage&q=nature%20of%20thinking%20IN%20PSYCHOLOGY&f=false

* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_image#Mental_imagery_in_experimental_psychology

* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_image