The Sectional Struggle, Reborn: 1848-1854 Essay

The Sectional Struggle, Reborn: 1848-1854

APUSH Research Guide seventeen

The Sectional Struggle, Reborn, 1848-1854

Themes/Constructs:

The sectional conflict within the expansion of slavery that erupted following your Mexican Conflict was briefly silenced by the Compromise of 1850, although Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 re-ignited the issue once again.

In the 1850s American growth in the West plus the Caribbean was extremely debatable because it was tied to the slavery issue.

The acquisition of territory from Mexico created acute new dilemmas about the expansion of slavery, especially for the two key parties, which in turn had extended tried to avoid the issue. The antislavery Cost-free Soil Get together pushed the situation into the political election of 1848. The application of gold-rich California intended for admission towards the Union required the controversy into the United states senate, which engaged in stormy issue over captivity and the Union.

After the early death of President The singer, who had blocked a settlement, Our elected representatives resolved the crisis by simply passing the delicate Compromise of 1850. The endanger eased sectional tension for the moment, even though the Fugitive Servant Law aroused opposition in the North.

While the Whig Party died, the Democratic Pierce operations became the tool of proslavery expansionists. Controversies over Nicaragua, Cuba, and the Gadsden Purchase demonstrated that expansionism was closely linked to the slavery issue.

The will for a upper railroad route led Stephen Douglas to ram the Kansas-Nebraska Act through Congress in 1854. By repealing the Missouri Compromise and making fresh territory be subject to " popular sovereignty” about slavery, this act aroused the bear of the North, sparked the rise with the Republican Party, and set the stage for the Municipal War.

Terms/names/topics:

Gen. Lewis Cas

‘popular sovereignty'

Zachary Taylor

Free of charge Soil Get together

‘conscious Whigs'

Martin Van Buren

Election of 1848

‘gold fever'

California Metabolism (1849)

Tx boundary question

Underground Railroad‘stations'‘passengers' ‘conductors' Harriet Tubman ‘Immortal Trio'—Clay, Calhoun, Webster

" Great Pacificator”" Great Nullifier”

Millard Fillmore

Nashville Convention

Compromise of 1850

Fugitive Slave Law (1850)

Franklin Pierce—‘second darker horse'

Winfield Scott (Whig)

Election of 1852

Jefferson Davis—Secretary of War

‘slavocrats'

William Walker

Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850)

Cuban " filibustering expeditions”

Ostend Manifesto

Crimean War

Gadsden Purchase (1853)

Stephen A. Douglas

Repeal of the Missouri Compromise

Kansas-Nebraska Bill (1854)

The new Conservative Party

Earlier APUSH article questions from this area of examine:

1 ) Although in the past represented as distinct get-togethers, the Federalists and Whigs, in fact , shared a common politics ideology, represented many of the same interest teams, and suggested similar applications and guidelines. Assess the quality of this assertion. (FRQ, 1991)

2 . Talk about the impact of territorial expansion on countrywide unity among 1800 and 1850. (FRQ, 1997)

APUSH Study Guide 18

The trail to Conflict, 1854-1861

Historian's view:

Wayne McPherson, by Ordeal By simply Fire: The Civil War and Renovation (1992)

" The sociable and personal strains produced by rapid development provoked repeated crises that threatened to destroy the republic. Right from the start, these pressures were associated mainly with slavery. The geographical trademark the country into free and slave says ensured that the crisis would take the kind of sectional issue. Each section evolved institutions and values based on the labor system. These principles in turn generated ideologies that justified each section's institutions and condemned those of the other. ”

" To get three-quarters of any century the 2 sections [North and South] coexisted under one flag because the centripetal forces of nationalism—the distributed memories of your common have difficulty for nationhood—proved stronger compared to the centrifugal makes of sectionalism. But as early as 1787, conflict over slavery in the...