Ceramics Industry in Pakistan
The phrase ceramic is derived from the word (keramikos). " Ceramics" means content and items made of clay with definite/permanent shape and fired at high temperatures. Clay-based is the merely one and the one of a kind material which in turn when moistened with a appropriate quantity of normal water, develops " PLASTICITY" which in turn helps in developing unlimited range of objects in numerous shapes and sizes.
CERAMICS BEFORE CHRIST
Ceramics is one of the most ancient industries in the world. Once human beings discovered that clay-based could be dug up and formed into objects starting with mixing with water and after that firing, the industry came to be. As early as twenty four, 000 BC, animal and human figures were made via clay and other materials, after which fired in kilns partly dug in to the ground. The Greeks created the initial stages of ceramics and the Egyptians discovered different contributory stones and soil thousands of years back. They created new approaches and added new colours to the ceramics. The production of ceramic wares was carried out in Spain during the time of the Muslims plus the Hispano & Morison golden pottery became famous around the globe during the fourteenth century. Nearly 10, 1000 years later, as satisfied communities had been established, ceramic tiles were stated in Mesopotamia and India. The first make use of functional art vessels for storing water and meals is regarded as around being unfaithful, 000 or 10, 500 BC. Clay-based bricks were made around the same time. CERAMICS IN THE SUB-CONTINENT
In sub-continent, Ceramics were just like pottery and tiles with motifs besides being decorative and functional also depict our ethnic heritage. For hundreds of years ceramics being a form of create, was given to from technology to the other in our country, just preventing short of learning to be a fully fledged industry. Blue pottery of Multan, for instance , is went out with back to the emergence of Muslim civilization in these regions. Motifs and figures from old famous forts, tombs, gardens and other buildings provide a tender touch of Muslim culture.
CERAMICS INDUSTRY IN PAKISTAN
HISTORY OF CERAMICS INDUSTRY IN PAKISTAN
* During creation of Pakistan in 1947, there was no ceramic industry at all. * There was certain pouches where the attentiveness of such units shaped a bunch. * The federal government of Pakistan provided specialized and monetary assistance through Ceramic Support Center in Gujrat and pottery Development Center in Shahdra around Lahore. 5. The art industry developed into ceramic industry and better manufacturing techniques were launched. * As a result in late 50s some big ceramics units like Daddy Bhoy Cina Krachi, Pakpore Ceramics Lalamusa (Gujrat) had been established to make high temperature porcelain tableware great quality using imported machinery. * In late sixties refractory manufacturing models were founded, namely Standard Ceramics and Marshall Ceramics at Gujranwala, and Basic Refractory in Karachi. 5. In seventies, the production of sanitary wares was were only available in an organized manner and massive units just like International Ceramics, Karam Ceramics, Frontier Ceramics, Swat Ceramics, and Trust Ceramics and so forth were proven and started out their development to their capabilities. * In mid seventies, a few organized units intended for the production of ceramic wall and floor tiles were established on European imported technology. A lot more prominent units among them had been Karam Ceramics, Shabir Ceramics, Swat Ceramics, Emco Ceramics etc . had been established. CERAMICS INDUSTRY AT THE MOMENT
The Ceramics industry presently is making three key types of products i. at the. * Earthenware
5. Stone ware and
The Earthen ware industry whose total production capability is about 75, 000 plenty per year generally located in Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Chakwal, Lala Musa and around Lahore. Gujrat and Gujranwala possess long famous links with this kind of industry as well as the people of the region feel satisfaction in having traditions of excellence in this field. Earthen wares in...